China

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China is an ancient country with 5000-year old civilization which differs greatly from the western world in terms of culture, traditions, customs, language and cuisine. Travelling to China and seeking out by one among ordinary Chinese folks if your aim is to feel the dynamics of the change in this fascinating country. Rural landscapes and congested cityscapes, and natural beauty that ranges from the untamed to the idyllic – from the windswept plains of the Gobi Desert and Mt Everest’s notorious northern face to Yangshuo’s gorgeous karts scenery.

China is huge and wild enough to satisfy your explorer instinct, and is a great rollercoaster ride for anyone with a little time and an instinct for travel with our professional assistance; you’re travelling in China will bound to be an easy and delightful experience. Seven star trekking and tour also offers tons of opportunity for our customers to enjoy the amazing cultural exchanges, social in touch activity and customized sightseeing programs as well during your China tours.

Geography
China had the diversified geography in the region; it is a land of deserts, mountains and fertile river basins.
Much of western China is guarded with the Himalaya, Tian and Pamir Ranges. Western China also has an extended desert region where as Central China consists of mountainous regions. And People’s Republic of China’, is located towards the eastern part of Asian Continent, circumscribed by the Pacific Ocean.
China is the 3rd largest country in the world, next to Russia and Canada. The region extends up to an area of 9.6 million sq. km, in other words about one-fifteenth of the world’s total landmass comprises of China .It has a land border of 22,143.34 km long and is configured by 12 countries– Korea in the east; Russian in the northeast and the northwest; Mongolia in the north; India, Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal in part of the west and southwest; Burma, Laos and Vietnam in the south. The coastline extends well over 18,000 km, scrubbed by the waters of the Bohai, the Huanghai, the East China and the South China seas. The Bohai Sea is the Inland Sea of China.
China is an alpine country, with 2/3rd of its total land area covered by mountains, hills and plateaus. Out of the 12 high peaks of the world of more than 8,000 m, 7 peaks had been crowned in the Republic of China. The Highest peak in the world, Mount Qomolangma (8,828m) stands on the border between China and Nepal.

Weather/Climate
Autumn
Normally, the most comfortable season of the year is early autumn (September to early October). During that period, temperatures are reasonable throughout China (about 50-72F) with a limited amount of rain. September for example is the only month in the year when the ancient and valuable paintings of the Beijing Palace Museum are displayed due to proper climate conditions (low humidity and proper temperature).

Spring
Spring can also be delightful with the average temperatures roughly the same as in autumn (about 50-72F). The best way to deal with weather unpredictability is to wear layered clothing that will make you comfortable in both chilly and warm weather.

Summer
Summer (from June to the end of August) can be extremely hot with temperatures well above 72F, especially in the famous ‘four furnaces’ of China: Wuhan, Tianjin, Chongging, and Nanchang. Summer is also a rainy season, so travelers should not forget umbrellas, light raincoats and rubber/plastic shoes.

Winter
Winter can be incredibly cold especially in the north. Off season travel can also offer its rewards.

Transportation
Transportation in ancient China was on poor condition. People traveled mainly on foot. It took several months for a candidate who expected to take the imperial examination to be a government official to go from home to the capital on foot. People also rode horses when traveling from town to town. For short-distance trips, man-carried sedans and carriages or oxcart were also used. Needless to say, all these means of transportation are in very low speed.
Now we have trains, planes, ships, buses and bikes in China. With an aggressive effort since 1949, by the Chinese government to improve their country, a comprehensive transportation system was created. It consisted of railways, highways, airplanes. Tibet, one of most inaccessible region in the world even can be reached via train since the operation of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway in first, July, 2005.

Airplane
Airplane is the most convenient and fastest means of transportation, though it is also the most expensive. Air travel can cover a long journey in less time, saving precious time and energy for you to enjoy the attractions in your destination.

Train
Traveling by train in China is one of the cheapest ways to travel some of the long distances in China and is used widely by the local population. Tourists can get to Moscow (Russia), Ulan Bator (Mongolia), Hanoi (Vietnam) and Pyongyang (North Korea) by takinginternational trains from China.
It is important to know what to expect if you decide to travel by train in China. If you choose to travel by train, China Highlights recommends booking a soft sleeper. English is generally not spoken by any of the staff on the trains or in the railway stations. Limited English sign is available in the railway stations. A separate waiting lounge is available in the railway stations for passengers traveling in the soft sleeper section. Preferential boarding is available for those passengers.

Taxi
Taking a taxi is a very fast and convenient way to get to your destination, be it a hotel, scenic spot, airport, railway station, and so on. You can find taxis in almost every city, and the fare is relatively inexpensive for western travelers. Tourists can also hire a taxi for a half or a whole day, but please make sure to first agree on a price with the driver.

Food
As China is a geographically huge country, it is diverse in climate, ethnicity and subcultures. Not surprisingly therefore, there are many distinctive styles of cuisine. Traditionally there are eight main families of dishes, namely:
* Hui (Anhui)
* Yue (Cantonese)
* Min (Fujian)
* Xiang (Hunan)
* Yang (Jiangsu)
* Lu (Shandong)
* Chuan (Szechuan)
* Zhe (Zhejiang)
Today there are mainly four main styles of food in China, namely the Beijing Style, the Shanghai Style, the Sichuan/Szechuan Style and the Cantonese Style. The Cantonese style is the most popular style in overseas restaurants. When you are traveling in China, you would find it extremely hard to resist the Peking duck, the Shanghai pork bun, or the Cantonese dim sum.

Religion
China is a country that having many kinds of religious belief, people are free in choosing their own religions and they can express their beliefs openly. According to some recent surveys, there are 100 million people who have religious beliefs and religious establishments about 85,000 with 300,000 clergymen in China nowadays. There are some major religions in China Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism and Islam.

Climate and Clothing
China has a continental and seasonal climate. Most parts are in the temperate zone but southern areas are in the tropical or subtropical zone while northern areas are in the frigid zone. Climates in different areas are complicated. For instance, northern Heilongjiang Province has a winter climate the year round without summer, while Hainan Island has a summer climate the year round without winter. The following is a reference table for tourists to prepare clothing on their trips.

Spring: 10-22°C, Western suits, jackets, sports coats, woolen jackets, long sleeve shirts and travel shoes.
Summer: 22°C and above, T-shirts, short sleeve shirts, skirts, sandals, caps, rain wear.
Autumn: 10-22°C, Western suits, jackets, sports coats, light woolen sweaters, rain wear and travel shoes.
Winter: 10°C or lower, overcoat, cotton clothes, lined coats. In very cold areas a cap, gloves and cotton-padded shoes are required.
China can be visited through out the year because of the stretch of its territories nad sites and activities it can offer. Deciding when to visit China depends on which places you wish to visit, what type of weather you enjoy, and how much a bargain you want. China is a huge country with many different climates and types of landscape. Think of it in terms of the United States, which China resembles in size and shape. Traveling along the Golden Route (Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Guilin) is like visiting New York, Chicago, Santa Fe, and Jacksonville, Florida all in one trip.
April, May, September and October are the peak tourist months at China’s most popular destinations when the weather is the most comfortable. Prices drop a bit in the shoulder season, which runs from November through March and from June through August. However, the winter months are peak season for trips to China’s Hainan Island and to the Northeast Harbin for its world-famous ice-lantern festival. This month’s are also packed with New Year holidays, Chinese Spring Festival and other national or local happy fairs. Summer months are great time to explore China’s Far East-Manchuria. Useful Links for this section. Useful Links of this section.

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